Fédération internationale du béton

History

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History 1952 - 1998

Brief history of the fib's parent associations, CEB and FIP (1952 to 1998)
CEB Presidents 1953 - 1998
FIP Presidents 1953 - 1998
CEB Honorary Life Members
FIP Honorary Life Members
Freyssinet Medallists
FIP Medallists
CEB Plenary Sessions
FIP Congresses
FIP Symposia
FIP Awards for Outstanding Structures

 

Brief history of the fib's parent associations, CEB and FIP (1952 to 1998)

1952 The Fédération internationale de la précontrainte FIP (International Federation for Prestressing) was inaugurated at an international meeting held in Cambridge, England.

1953 The Comité européen du béton CEB (European Committee for Concrete) was founded, on an initiative of French contractors, by André Balency-Béarn (France), Louis Baes (Belgium), Emile Nennig (Luxembourg), Hubert Rüsch (Germany), Euardo Torroja (Spain) and Georg Wästlund (Sweden). The French National Federation of Building (FNB / SNBATI) in Paris hosted and sponsored the secretariat. Yves Saillard was nominated as Secrétaire Permanent, and later became (1968) Vice-Président Délégué and (1971) Président Délégué.

1954 Philip Gooding, Director-General of the Cement & Concrete Association was appointed Secretary General of FIP. Subsequently, C&CA in Wexham Springs, UK, hosted and sponsored the secretariat.

1957 Beginning of CEB's technical publication series 'Bulletins d'Information', continued until No. 243 in 1998.

1959 In CEB the priority of future work was given to ‘the elaboration of easily usable (international) practical rules (recommendations), with possibly limited initial application or selection of a sufficient security, followed by improvement of the rules when research results permit’. By this decision, the objectives of CEB had to be re-defined as:
  • coordinating and synthesizing research for all problems related to technology and innovation in structural concrete;
  • creating and orchestrating the international principles and rules for the conception, calculation, construction and maintenance of concrete structures; and
  • establishing codes, standards or other regulatory documents on a unified international basis progressively, through successive stages.

For these purposes the first 'Working Commissions' were created.

1961 On the initiative of CEB the 'Liaison Committee for the International Civil Engineering Associations', was created (comprising still today the CIB, ECCS, fib, IABSE and RILEM), with the aim to define the areas of activity and to harmonize the endeavours. Under the auspices of the Liaison Committee, several joint undertakings with other associations could be initiated, among them the creation of a joint CEB-CIB-RILEM Commission on Statistical Quality Control (see CEB Bulletin 110) and in 1971 of the still existing Joint Committee on Structural Safety (JCSS).

1962 A common initiative by FIP and CEB created a 'Mixed CEB-FIP Committee for Drafting of Recommendations for Prestressed Concrete'.

1964 The First CEB International Recommendations (covering reinforced concrete structures), was published successively in fifteen languages as 'a tentative draft for a complete set of provisional practical recommendations relating to all aspects of design and construction', and contributed very efficiently to the progress of drafting of national codes in about twenty countries.

1967 FIP-Notes created as a means of dissemination of news among members, continued until 1998.

1968 The importance of the results achieved by CEB was officially recognised by the United Nations in the publishing of the UNESCO 'Code et manuel d'application pour le calcul et l'exécution du béton armé', conceived especially for the developing countries, based on the 1964 CEB International Recommendations and elaborated by a commission of CEB experts.

1970 The second edition of what later became the "CEB-FIP International Recommendations” were ratified by the two associations, covering structures in plain, reinforced and prestressed concrete. In the following years elaboration of numerous accompanying manuals.

1974 An initiative by CEB – in a concentrated effort and in conjunction with FIP, ECCS, CIB and RILEM – created an 'International System of Unified Standard Codes of Practice for Structures', in which CEB became responsible for the common unified rules for different types of construction and material and the model code for concrete structures.

1976 CEB's name changed to 'Comité euro-international du béton' (Euro-International Committee for Concrete).

1977 The 19th CEB Plenary Session in Granada approved the final draft of what later became the 'CEB-FIP Model Code 1978'.

1978 The first volumes of the 'International System of Unified Standard Codes of Practice for Structures' were published:
  • Volume I: Common unified rules for different types of construction and material
  • Volume II: CEB-FIP Model Code for Concrete Structures

The latter subsequently became the basic reference document for the development of Eurocode 2 by the Commission of the European Communities, and to a large extent influenced the up-dating of design codes in many countries. In the following years numerous accompanying documents, application manuals, trial calculations, etc. were elaborated.

1978 Barry W. Shacklock, who was at the time Director of Administration Services at C&CA, was appointed Secretary-General and Treasurer of the FIP, succeeding Mr. Arthur W. Hill.

1980 CEB's legal domicile was transferred to Geneva, Switzerland.

1983 On invitation of the EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne), CEB's Lausanne office was opened, which became in 1985 the CEB headquarters after closure of the Paris office.

1985 The Model Code for Seismic Design of Concrete Structures was published by CEB. A decision was made to compile a 'Model Code 1990'. The secretariat of FIP moved from C&CA to The Institution of Structural Engineers, with Dr. Ralph Andrew succeeding Barry W. Shacklock as Seretary General.

1991 The Final Draft of the 1990 CEB-FIP Model Code was presented to and endorsed by CEB's 28th Plenary Session in Vienna. Restructuring of CEB's Commissions and Task Groups commenced.

1996 The FIP General Assembly met in London in September 1996 during the FIP Symposium, and following a suggestion made by a common CEB-FIP Implementation Group, approved the merger with the CEB to create the fib.

1997 The 31st CEB General Assembly in Stockholm in June 1997, following a suggestion made by a common CEB-FIP Implementation Group, approved the merger with FIP to create fib.

1998 On the 24th May 1998 the CEB Administrative Council, following the resolution taken by the last General Assembly in 1997, dissolved the CEB in favour of the fib with an effective date of 28th May 1998. In a parallel move the same day, the FIP Council, following the resolution taken by the last General Assembly in 1996, dissolved the FIP in favour of the fib with an effective date of 28th May 1998 (the last day of the XIII FIP Congress Amsterdam).

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CEB Presidents 1953 - 1998

1953 - 1957 André Balency-Béarn (France, 1900 - 1978)
1957 - 1968 Franco Levi (Italy, 1914 - 2009)
1968 - 1971 Hubert Rüsch (Germany, 1903 - 1979)
1971 - 1978 Andrew Short (United Kingdom, 1915 - 1999)
1979 - 1983 Julio Ferry-Borges (Portugal, 1922 - 1993)
1983 - 1987 Theodossios P. Tassios (Greece)
1987 - 1998 Roy E. Rowe (United Kingdom, 1929 - 2008)

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FIP Presidents 1953 - 1998

1953 - 1958 Eugène Freyssinet (France, 1879 - 1962)
1958 - 1961 Eduardo Torroja (Spain, 1899 - 1961)
1961 - 1966 Yves Guyon (France, 1899 - 1975)
1966 - 1970 Franco Levi (Italy, 1914 - 2009)
1970 - 1974 Gerrit F. Janssonius (Netherlands, 1911-1990)
1974 - 1978 Ben C. Gerwick Jr. (USA, 1919-2006)
1978 - 1982 Roger Lacroix (France)
1982 - 1984 John Derrington (United Kingdom)
1984 - 1988 Hans Wittfoht (Germany, 1924 - 2011)
1988 - 1992 René Walther (Switzerland)
1992 - 1996 Jan Moksnes (Norway)
1996 - 1998 Michel Virlogeux (France)

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CEB Honorary Life Members

1977 Fritz Leonhardt (Germany, 1909 - 1999)
1979 Nicolas Esquillan (France, 1902 - 1989)
1980 Alexei A. Gvozdev (USSR, 1897 - 1986)
1983 Troels Brøndum-Nielsen (Denmark, 1917 - 2003)
1988 Yves Saillard (France, 1924 - 2007)
1993 Henri Mathieu (France) and Manfred Stiller (Germany)
1997 Giorgio Macchi (Italy) and Henri Motteu (Belgium)

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FIP Honorary Life Members

1970 Carlo Cestelli Guidi (Italy, 1906 - 1995), Hans Minetti (Germany, 1898 - 1991), Philip Gooding (United Kingdom, 1906 - 1977) and Christian Ostenfeld (Denmark, 1910 - 1976)
1974 Sir Alan Harris (United Kingdom, 1916 - 2000) and Jiri Klimes (Czechoslovakia, 1910 - 1981)
1978 Karl Kordina (Germany, 1919 - 2005) and Fernand Dumas (France, 1898 - 1985)
1986 William F. G. Crozier (United Kingdom, 1917 - 2003) and Barry W. Shacklock (United Kingdom)
1988 Konstantin V. Mikhailov (USSR, 1913 - 2009)
1990 Roy E. Rowe (United Kingdom, 1929 - 2008) and Manfred Stiller (Germany)
1992 Ralph P. Andrew (United Kingdom, 1924 - 1998)
1998 Rafael Pineiro Abril (Spain, 1917 - 1997)

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Freyssinet Medallists

1970 Nicolas Esquillan (France, 1902 - 1989), Ulrich Finsterwalder (Germany, 1897 - 1989) and Ricardo Morandi (Italy, 1902 - 1989)
1974 Fritz Leonhardt (Germany, 1909 - 1999), T'ung-Yen Lin (USA, 1912 - 2003) and Victor V. Mikhailov (USSR, 1901 - 1990)
1978 Paul Abeles (USA, 1897 - 1977), Alexei A. Gvozdev (USSR, 1897 - 1986) and Franco Levi (Italy, 1914 - 2009)
1982 Max Birkenmeier (Switzerland, 1915 - 2002) and Ben C. Gerwick Jr. (USA, 1919 - 2006)
1986 Shunji Inomata (Japan, 1918 - 1990) and Roger Lacroix (France)
1990 Christian Menn (Switzerland) and Jörg Schlaich (Germany)
1994 Alexander C. Scordelis (USA, 1923 - 2007), Hans Wittfoht (Germany, 1924 - 2011) and René Walther (Switzerland)
1998 Jan Moksnes (Norway) and Jean Muller (France, 1925 - 2005)


The tradition to award Freyssinet Medals every four years at the occasion of a congress, is continued by the fib. For Freyssinet Medallists awarded 2002 and later, see fib awards.

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FIP Medallists

1970 Dudley H. New (United Kingdom, 1907 - 1991), Pierre Xercavins (France, 1926 - 2008) and Branko Zezelj (Yugoslavia, 1910 - 1995)
1974 Arthur A. Anderson (USA), Shunji Inomata (Japan, 1918 - 1990) and David J. Lee (United Kingdom, 1931 - 2001)
1976 William P. Brown (Australia, 1914 - 2004) and Armand H. Gustaferro (USA, 1924 - 2003)
1978 Jan Bobrowski (United Kingdom), Carlos F. Casado (Spain, 1905 - 1988), Alexandra B. Druganova (USSR, 1913 - 1980), Jean Muller (France, 1925 - 2005), Hans Wittfoht (Germany, 1924 - 2011) and Silvano Zorzi (Italy, 1921 - 1994)
1980 Constantin Avram (Romania, 1911 - 1987) and Olav Olsen (Norway, 1913 - 1998)
1982 Gerrit F. Janssonius (The Netherlands, 1911 - 1990), Michel Kavyrchine (France), Kyoshi Nakano (Japan) and Sven-Erik Svensson (Sweden, 1915 - 1997(?))
1984 Karl G. Bernander (Sweden), A. S. G. Bruggeling (The Netherlands), Kai Holbek (USA) and Konstantin V. Mikhailov (USSR, 1913 - 2009)
1986 C. R. Alimchandani (India), Helmut F. Cabjolsky (Argentina), Jacques Mathivat (France), Tippur N. Subba Rao (India, 1928 - 2008) and J. H. van Loenen (The Netherlands)
1988 Carlo Cestelli Guidi (Italy, 1906 - 1995), Lubor Janda (Czech Republic, 1920 - 2005) and Jacob Shimoni (Israël, 1927 - 1996)
1990 Helmut Bomhard (Germany), John E. Breen (USA) and Michel Placidi (France)
1991 He Guangqian (China) and Henk J. C. Oud (The Netherlands)
1992 Lajos Garay (Hungary, 1923 - 2002), Peter Matt (Switzerland) and Géza Tassi (Hungary)
1993 Shoji Ikeda (Japan), Hans Rudolf Müller (Switzerland) and Hiroshi Muguruma (Japan, 1930 - 2007)
1994 Norman C. Scott (USA) and Arnold van Acker (Belgium)
1995 W. G. J. Ryan (Australia) and Steinar Helland (Norway)
1996 Tom W. Kirkbride (United Kingdom) and Javier Manterola (Spain)
1997 Charles Liebenberg (South Africa) and Robert Park (New Zealand, 1933 - 2004)
1998 Mineo Morimoto (Japan), Armando Rito (Portugal) and Joost Walraven (The Netherlands)

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CEB Plenary Sessions

Luxembourg (1953), Fontainebleau (1954), Madrid (1956), Rome (1957), Vienna (1959)

Monaco (1961), Luxembourg (1962), Wiesbaden (1963), Ankara (1964), London (1965), Brussels (1966), Lausanne (1968), Delft-Scheveningen (1969)

Copenhagen (1971), Leningrad (1972), London (1973), Lisbon (1975), Athens (1976), Granada (1977), Rome (1979)

Budapest (1980), Munich (1982), Prague (1983), Rotterdam (1985), Treviso (1987), Dubrovnik (1988)

Paris (1990), Vienna (1991), Les Diablerets (1993), Berlin (1995), Stockholm (1997)

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FIP Congresses

London (1953), Amsterdam (1955), Berlin (1958), Rome and Naples (1962), Paris (1966), Prague (1970), New York (1974), London (1978), Stockholm (1982), New Delhi (1986), Hamburg (1990), Washington (1994), Amsterdam (1998)

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FIP Symposia

Madrid (1968), Tbilisi (1972), Sydney (1976), Bucharest (1980), Calgary (1984), Jerusalem (1988), Beijing (1991), Budapest (1992), Kyoto (1993), Brisbane (1995), London (1996), Johannesburg (1997)

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FIP Awards for Outstanding Concrete Structures

1990 The pedestrian bridge across the Altmühl river at Kelheim, Germany
La Grande Arche in Paris, France
The Oosterschelde storm surge barrier, The Netherlands
The Gullfaks C oil platform, Norway
In addition, seven entries were judged to be worthy of "Special Mention":
The new Parliament House in Canberra, Australia
The bridge over the Parana river, Argentina / Paraguay
The Beppo Myoban Bridge, Japan
The Thorp receipt and storage facility, United Kingdom
The protecting wall round Ekofisk oil drilling platform, Norway
The sludge fermentation installation at Bottrop, Germany
The bridge over the Elbe river at Podebrady, Czech Republic
1994 The Skarnsundet cable stay bridge, Norway
The footbridge over the Vranov reservoir, Czech Republic
The administrative building of the ECC construction group in Chennai, India
The tennis center of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, USA
The breakwater jetty in Sakai, Japan
In addition, eight entries were judged to be worthy of "Special Mention":
The Bray viaduct on the motorway in North Devon, United Kingdom
The Helgeland Bridge over the Leir Fjord, Norway
The cable-stayed bridge over the Isère, Motorway Valence - Grenoble, France
The pedestrian Kikki Bridge, Japan
The Auditorium in Hyderabad, India
The Ana Hotel in Sydney, Australia
The Hassan II mosque in Casablanca, Morocco
The Ministry of Social Affairs Building in The Hague, Netherlands
1998 The Normandy bridge near Le Havre, France
The Great Belt East Bridge, Denmark
The Belfast Waterfront Hall, Northern Ireland
The Osaka Municipal Central Gymnasium, Japan
In addition, six entries were judged to be worthy of "Special Mention":
The bridge over the Lerez river in Pontevedra, Spain
The Heidrun tension leg platform, Norway
The Odawara Blueway Bridge, Japan
The indoor swimming arena Osaka Pool, Japan
The indoor stadium at Bangalore, India
The parking garage Laakhaven Hollands Spoor in The Hague, Netherlands


The tradition to attribute "Awards for Outstanding Concrete Structures" every four years at the occasion of a congress, is continued by the fibFor the 2002 "Awards for Outstanding Concrete Structures", see fib awards.

 

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