Structural Concrete, Vol. 3, no. 1, March 2002
The added value and profit of concrete research and development
J. Moksnes, Honorary president fib, Norway
M. Maage, Selmer Skanska, Norway
This paper presents the costs and the associated added value and profit for a selection of concrete research and development (R&D) programmes in Norway during 1980-2000. The estimated figures give a ratio of added value, or return on investments, to costs equal to 19. This ratio is remarkably high and demonstrates that industry based R&D can be a profitable investment. The major beneficiaries of the added value are the clients of the industry and society, through reduced costs and better products and solutions.