Structural Concrete, Vol. 3, no. 2, June 2002
FE analyses and tests of lap splices in frame corners
Karin Lundgren, Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden
Until recently, splicing of the reinforcement in frame corners had not been allowed by the Swedish Road Administration. Since this has led to reinforcement layouts that were hard to realise on site, the effect of splices placed in corner regions were examined. Four frame corners with differing detailing were tested. Furthermore, detailed three-dimensional non-linear finite element analyses of corners were conducted. The splitting stresses resulting from the anchorage were taken into account by the use of a new model of the bond mechanism. A parameter study of the importance of the loading conditions was made with two-dimensional models. The tests and analyses show that splicing the reinforcement in the middle of the corner has advantages over placing splices outside the bend of the reinforcement. They also indicate, in agreement with the previous analyses and tests, that provided the splice length is as long as required by the codes, there are no disadvantages in splicing the reinforcement within the corner of a frame.