Structural Concrete, Vol. 3, no. 2, June 2002
Friction between concrete and slipform panel during slipforming
Kjell T. Fosså, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Magne Maage, Selmer Skanska AS, Oslo, Norway
Tests are carried out in a vertical slipform rig in order to identify the main parameters affecting the lifting stress (friction) during lifting of the slipform panel. The results show that there is an almost linear correlation between the net lifting stress and the effective pressure. This means that the net lifting stress can be calculated based on the effective pressure by using the friction law. The lifting stress is affected by both the particle shape of the aggregates, roughness of the slipform panel and the workability in the early phase. The results also show that lower air content and a finer pore system (finer particle size distribution and higher particle concentration) in the concrete will result in a higher maximum lifting stress (friction). Also a lower lifting height or lower frequency will increase the lifting stress. It is assumed that higher lifting stress will increase the risk for surface damages during lifting of the slipform.