Structural Concrete, Vol. 5, no. 2, June 2004
Studies on strength and permeability characteristics of blended cements in lowand mediumstrength concretes
R. Vedalakshmi, Corrosion Science and Engineering Division, Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi
S. Srinivasan, Corrosion Science and Engineering Division, Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi
K. Ganesh Babu, Department of Ocean Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India
In the present investigation the strength and permeability characteristics of blended cements such as Portland pozzolana cement and Portland slag cement were evaluated in 20, 30 and 40 MPa concretes. The cements were produced by intergrinding mineral admixtures such as fly ash and slag with clinker and gypsum in the plant. The compressive strength over a period of 1 year and water permeability at the end of 7, 28 and 90 days were evaluated and the results were compared with ordinary Portland cement. Thermo-gravimetric analysis was also carried out to assess the pozzolanic reaction of blended cements. The results show that blended cement concretes have lower strength than Portland cement concrete at all ages in all of the grades of concrete studied. Porosity in terms of water absorption of blended cement concretes is less than Portland cement concretes in 20 MPa concrete but was not significantly different in 30 and 40 MPa concretes. Thermo-gravimetric and differential thermal analysis reveals that there is a reduction in Ca(OH)2 content in blended concretes indicating the consumption of hydroxide in pozzolanic reaction.