Structural Concrete, Vol. 8, no. 1, March 2007
The effects of the cooling rate on the residual properties of heated-up concrete
R. Kowalski, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
This paper describes some tests performed on concrete specimens heated up to high temperature and then cooled down in water. The tests were carried out on cylindrical specimens, 103 mm in diameter and 200 mm in height, made of ordinary concrete with siliceous aggregate. The specimens were heated up to 330, 430 and 550 degrees C and then cooled down to room temperature in five various ways. A first group of specimens was cooled in air, while a second was immersed in water for 5, 10, 15 or 20 minutes, respectively; after the rest period in water the specimens were cooled in air. The next day, after the heating and cooling process, the residual concrete compressive strength was measured. Rapid cooling of heated-up concrete had the highest influence on the strength degradation when the maximum temperature peaked at 330 degrees C while, in the case of thermal cycles peaking at 550 degrees C, the strength degradation was less dependent on the method of cooling. It was concluded that rapid cooling of heated-up concrete can cause a significant strength degradation, especially in the range of low temperatures.