Structural Concrete, Vol. 9, no. 1, March 2008
Non-linear and plastic analysis of RC beams subjected to fire
P. Riva, University of Bergamo, Italy
J.-M. Franssen, Université de Liège, Belgium
Member analysis is the main verification method adopted for reinforced concrete (RC) beams by most codes. The verification by means of member analysis consists of comparing the design forces (bending moment, axial force and shear force) with the resisting forces, where the former are computed at ambient temperature and the latter are evaluated using simplified methods considering the prescribed fire duration. The main objection that might be raised against member analysis is that, by computing the design forces at ambient temperature, indirect actions arising in the structure owing to thermal expansion are not taken into consideration; the time-dependent response of the structure is also neglected. In this paper, the behaviour of a set of fixed-end rectangular beams with varying axial restraints is discussed. The results are used to illustrate a simplified plastic verification procedure that allows determination not only of the load-carrying capacity of the beams, but also evaluation of the deflections for any given fire duration.