Theoretical model for the determination of plastic rotation capacity in reinforced concrete beams
R. N. F. do Carmo, Department of Civil Engineering, ISEC-Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra Portugal
S. M. R. Lopes, Department of Civil Engineering, FCTUC-Polo II-University of Coimbra Portugal
L. F A. Bernardo, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Beira Interior Portugal
Evaluating the ducility of reinforced concrete beams is essential in order to avoid a fragile collapse of the structure by ensuring an adequate deformation at ultimate load. This paper presents a theoretical model for the calculation of plastic rotation. Results obtained are compared with those obtained from an experimental programme in which a set of beams were tested to failure. From the comparison, a good agreement between theoretical and experimental results was achieved. The proposed theoretical model considers the influence of certain factors: steel properties, concrete strength, section depth, and the tension stiffening effect. Concrete strength, particularly, is an interesting parameter since for high-strength concrete, the ultimate concrete strain, εcu, decreases as the concrete strength increases.
Durability of concrete structures
Catherine French, University of Minnesota, USA
This paper provides a brief overview of Session 8 'Durability of Concrete Structures' of the fib 2002 congress on Concrete Structures in the 21st Century, which was held in Osaka on 13-19 October 2002. The keynote speaker of the session, Dr Odd E. Gjørv, Professor and Head of the Department of Building Materials at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology at Trondheim, has conducted concrete research for more than 40 years. His research has focused on a broad range of topics related to the durability of reinforced and prestressed concrete structures in severe environments. His paper addressed durability and service-life issues of concrete structures. In addition to the keynote address, more than 50 papers were considered for this session, covering topics in the following areas: general issues related to concrete serviceability and durability, corrosion of reinforcement, and grouting of post-tensioned systems, as well as several case studies. The highlights of some of the papers are described here.