Minimum cost design of concrete sandwich panels made of HPC faces and PAC core: the case of in-plane loading
Catherine G. Papanicolaou, University of Patras, Greece
Thanasis C. Triantafillou, University of Patras, Greece
This paper presents a minimum cost design procedure for precast structural sandwich panels made of HPC (high-performance concrete - i.e. high-strength and fibre-reinforced) faces and a pumice aggregate concrete (PAC) core, which might also include a layer of thermal insulating material. Attention has been focused on the selection of materials' strength and members' geometrical parameters, as well as on the material cost functions for both concrete types. The strength-based design case study resides with the format of Eurocode 2 and takes into consideration failure modes associated with in-plane loading, such as flexure, shear and local buckling of the compressed faces, with respect to the presence of the insulating layer. The solution of the optimisation problem is attained through the development of a computer program using available algorithm codes provided by Matlab®. The optimisation procedure results in the derivation of design recommendations, which encompass the objective of minimum cost for the elements under investigation.
Assessment of fire-damaged concrete using crack density measurements
Neil R. Short, Aston University, Birmingham
John A. Purkiss, Aston University, Birmingham
Sarah E. Guise, Aston University, Birmingham
Petrographic techniques have been developed to determine the nature and density of cracks that have developed after subjecting concrete to steady-state and transient heating regimes. The steady-state investigations showed that there was a good correlation between measurements of crack density and measurements of residual compressive strength. Crack density measurements taken on samples after transient heating have shown that the depth to which the compressive strength of the concrete is likely to have been significantly affected can be identified. Thus, this technique should provide very useful information for the evaluation of fire-damaged concrete.